Diabetic Eye Disease
Diabetes Mellitus is a systemic disease that affects the small blood vessels of the body. Primary care physicians recommend a yearly eye examination to all patients with diabetes. The eye is the only organ in the body where the small blood vessels can be seen directly without invasive testing. The appearance of the blood vessels and retina in the eye may indicate the health of the blood vessels and organs in the rest of the body.
This information is important in the management of diabetes. Diabetes can cause bleeding and swelling of the retina (the receptive layer that lines the back of the eye which can permanently affect vision). Diabetic eye disease needs careful attention, as serious cases may lead to significant vision loss and even complete blindness.